The Malaria Consortium programme is to distribute Rapid Diagnostic kits RDT for malaria to village health teams to reduce the number of infant and child mortality deaths due to malaria.The village health teams VHTs that will be using the testing kits, have already been trained and given the necessary guidelines to follow.This was revealed by Dr. Godfrey Magumba, the country director of the Malaria Consortium
TWO cases of the mosquito-borne disease chikungunya have been confirmed in Cairns.
Queensland Health is today issuing a warning for people to take precautions against the virus, which is similar to dengue fever.
Tests this week revealed two people who recently returned from Papua New Guinea had contracted chikungunya, which includes symptoms such as fever, prolonged joint and muscle pain, headaches, rash and fatigue.
The Institute’s Dr Paul Horwood says chikungunya has now spread through about eight provinces, after first appearing a year ago in Vanimo near the Indonesian border.
He says death from the disease is rare with the worst features typically a fever or arthritis.
But Dr Horwood says the arthritis sometimes lasts for up to a year which can be very debilitating for people in a predominantly farming based society, such as PNG.
He says there are things people can do to guard against the day biting mosquitoes which carry the virus.
“The mosquitoes usually live around habitation. So by cleaning up the area around your house and perhaps wearing long trousers and long [sleeved] shirts and reducing the access the mosquito can have to your body to bite you then that can certainly reduce your expose and decrease your chances of getting sick.”
Researchers have learned the precise structure of the mosquito-transmitted chikungunya virus pathogen while it is bound to antibodies, showing how the infection is likely neutralized.
According to the simulation, there is a high probability of a chikungunya outbreak if a single infected person arrives in New York in July or August and is bitten by an Asian tiger mosquito. The risks are the same, but with wider time frames, for transmission in Atlanta and Miami, according to the paper.
” If we dont scale up vector control activities in 2013 we can expect major resurgences of malaria,” said Richard Cibulskis, lead author of the WHOs W o rld Malaria Report, which was published on Monday.”Vector contol” means stopping transmission of the disease with tools such as treated mosquito nets. The report found that deliveries of such nets to endemic countries in sub-Saharan Africa dropped from 145 million in 2010 to an estimated 66 million in 2012.
On 3 October 2012, the health authorities of Papua New Guinea (PNG) have reported confirmed cases of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection in the province of Sandaun (West Sepik), north-western region of the country, bordering with Indonesia. The first cases were reported in June 2012 and have corresponded with an increase in heavy rains in the region .
Since the beginning of the outbreak, 633 suspected cases have been reported of which 14 have been laboratory-confirmed .
These are the first cases to be reported in Papua New Guinea, however the vector, Aedes albopictus has been present in the country since 2005 .
The WHO in Papua New Guinea is working with the National Department of Health in the implementation of control measures and providing public information.