Malaria Journal | Abstract | Malaria control in South Africa 2000-2010: beyond MDG6Posted: August 29, 2012
South Africa has made significant progress in controlling malaria transmission over the past decade; malaria cases declined by 89.41 % (63663 in 2000 vs 6741 in 2010) and deaths decreased by 85.4 % (453 vs 66) in the year 2000 compared to the year 2010. Coupled with this, malaria cases among children under five years of age have also declined by 93 % (6791 in 2000 vs 451 in 2010). This has resulted in South Africa achieving and exceeding the malaria target of the MDGs. A series of interventions have attributed to this decrease, these include: drug policy change from monotherapy to artemisinin combination therapy, insecticide change from pyrethroids back to DDT; cross border collaboration (South Africa with Mozambique and Swaziland through the Lubombo Spatial Development Initiative- LSDI) and financial investment in malaria control. The KwaZulu-Natal Province has seen the largest reduction in malaria cases and deaths (99.1 % cases- 41786 vs 380; and 98.5 % deaths 340 vs 5), when comparing the year 2000 with 2010. The Limpopo Province recorded the lowest reduction in malaria cases compared to the other malaria endemic provinces (56.1 % reduction- 9487 vs 4174; when comparing 2000 to 2010).