In this week’s PLoS Medicine, Teun Bousema of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, UK and colleagues argue that targeting malaria “hotspots,” small groups of households at a substantially increased risk of malaria transmission, is a highly efficient way to reduce malaria transmission at all levels of transmission intensity.
The authors state: “Malaria hotspots appear to maintain malaria transmission in low transmission seasons and are the driving force for transmission in the high transmission season. Targeting the hotspots would mean the most infected and most diseased households would be prioritized with the added benefits of reducing transmission to the whole community.”
Funding: This work was supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Malaria 2012: Drugs, Vaccines, and Pathogenesis
Tuesday, April 17, 2012 | 8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
The New York Academy of Sciences
“However as long as this free health care remains inaccessible to the majority of the citizens of Ghana, especially to the poorest who need it the most, it is inherently meaningless. Lacking the ability to pay annual premiums, poor people in Ghana are indirectly being excluded from the public health care…” Most importantly, the report highlights the plight of Ghana’s poor citizens and calls upon government to make malaria elimination a national priority through universal healthcare. It proposes “dedicated political support and financial reconsiderations” as key to eliminating malaria. The Darmang community and its limited knowledge and options in coping with the threat of malaria, speaks for a greater whole of rural Ghana.
In Ghana, one out of every ten children will die before reaching the age of five and malaria is still the number one cause of these deaths.
Mr. Gates, who made the announcement at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, said tough economic times were “no excuse for cutting aid to the world’s poorest,” and called the fund one of the “most effective” entities to which the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation donates.
The Global Fund, which pays for AIDS drugs for more than 3 million poor people, has distributed more than 200 million mosquito nets and says it has prevented more than 4 million tuberculosis deaths. Now observing its 10th anniversary, it has been struggling to raise money. Its last fund-raising drive fell more than $1 billion short of the $13 billion the fund said it needed to continue existing grants. It recently said it could not make new ones.
The most promising malaria vaccine candidate should be rolled out through mass vaccination campaigns – rather than the WHO’s routine infant vaccinations – in parts of Africa with low malaria transmission, says a study.
Researchers used computer simulations to predict the health benefits of introducing the RTS,S/AS01 vaccine through different deployment programmes in a range of transmission settings. The vaccine is in Phase 3 trials and could be approved by WHO as early as 2015.
Murray Valley encephalitis is what we call a zoonosis so it is a virus that exists in animal populations and this particular one is very common in birds, particularly water fowl we think, and it exists in birds and it is transmitted between them via mosquitoes so the reality is this virus is present in birds in Australia year round.
The head of the $22.6 billion Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria has abruptly resigned, part of a shakeup in its top management since revelations about corruption and misspending severely rattled some of its biggest donors.