W.H.O. Reports 25 Percent Drop in Malaria Deaths in a Decade – NYTimes.comPosted: December 29, 2011
Malaria rebounded in the 1970s when mosquitoes became resistant to pesticides and the parasites that cause the disease became resistant to chloroquine. Eradication programs begun in the colonial era fell apart as newly independent countries sank into poverty.
The Global Fund is desperate for money. The $2 billion donors give annually is only about a third of what is needed, the report said.
Although 145 million mosquito nets were delivered to Africa in 2010, they tear easily and the insecticide embedded in them fades within three years.
Resistance to artemisinin, hailed as the new miracle cure, persists in southeast Asia and could spread; 28 small companies, defying the W.H.O., still sell pills containing only artemisinin, which encourages resistance. The agency endorses multidrug cocktails, but they cost more and the partner drugs often taste bitter.