Tropical Anemia: One of Africa’s Great Killers and a Rationale for Linking Malaria and Neglected Tropical Disease Control to Ach | Sabin Vaccine InstitutePosted: October 17, 2011
An important difference between then and now is the availability of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLITNs) and artemisinin combination therapy (ACT)-based treatments, in addition to the increased willingness to deploy indoor insecticide spraying . However, it is unclear whether even the deployment of these new control tools will directly lead to total success in malaria control because of the threat of emerging insecticide resistance to pyrethroids and the potential for emergence of artemisinin resistance [1,9,10]. Also, parallel efforts will be required to strengthen Africa’s weakened health systems [11,12], which today suffer from widespread malaria misdiagnoses in endemic areas  and a lack of access to essential medicines and LLITNs . Accordingly, WHO and other organizations are embarking on renewed efforts to strengthen health systems in Africa and elsewhere , while product development partnerships have evolved in a concerted push to accelerate the development of additional new malaria drugs and insecticides, and safe and effective antimalaria vaccines [1,5,16].